How and Where to Place Elements in a Website or App for Maximum Impact

Attention is a scarce commodity in the digital landscape. Every pixel matters. On your website or app, the strategic placement of key design elements can significantly enhance user experience, site engagement, and – most importantly – your bottom line.

Website UI Elements Kit

This article explores the science behind user attention, providing practical tips on placing design elements for maximum impact. We’ll discuss neuromarketing, common mistakes, and the strategies you’ll need to distinguish your business.

Understanding the Science of User Attention

Our eyes constantly flit across screens, bombarded with information. How do they process content? Where do they land? We can find answers to these questions using neuromarketing.

Neuromarketing is a branch of marketing driven by neuroscience research. This discipline seeks to understand how various marketing stimuli influence the consumer brain. Such knowledge can explain why consumers click, browse, and make purchases. Equipped with these insights, marketers can craft experiences that resonate with users on a deep psychological level.

Neuromarketing can offer information in key strategic areas.

Emotional Connection: Many consumer decisions are driven by emotion. In turn, observing emotional centers in the brain can provide insights into how such decisions are made. For instance, activation in the brain’s reward centers in response to certain advertisements or website designs can indicate a positive emotional reaction that a user might not be able to express verbally1. This provides neuromarketers with the ability to assess emotional connection more quickly and accurately than through traditional metrics.

Subconscious Responses: Neuromarketing can also shed light on subconscious aspects of consumer behavior. It helps unravel the non-verbal and instinctive reactions consumers have towards different aspects of a website or app, such as colors, layout, imagery, and text2. For example, we know that a brand is an external source of social status that consumers can use to confirm their own sense of self3. We can then measure brain responses to identify which branding assets will be the most successful in this regard.

Predictive Analysis: By probing emotional and subconscious responses, neuromarketing can predict how changes in design might influence user behavior2. In fact, some research suggests that brain activity can predict purchase decisions even more accurately than self-report4. Predictive capabilities have grown increasingly important for designing interfaces that not only attract attention, but also facilitate a smooth and enjoyable user experience. Thus, companies can leverage neuroscience to create marketing campaigns that are more likely to convert.

Key tools in neuromarketing include:

  • Eye-tracking: This tool tracks the movement of a user’s eyes on your website or app, revealing patterns in visual scanning and areas on the screen that attract attention. By understanding how a user looks at your content, you can optimize element placement to ensure that key messages are seen. Users typically follow an “F-shaped” reading pattern when browsing web pages. They start at the top left corner, scan horizontally across the page, move quickly down the left side, and skim the remaining content5. For optimal design, you can position your most important information in the top left section and avoid placing crucial elements in zones outside the F-shaped pattern.
  • Electroencephalography (EEG): EEG technology measures brain activity to assess user engagement and emotional responses. By analyzing brain waves, we can detect how users react to different design elements and layouts. Consider a website selling luxury travel packages. Using EEG technology, the company could identify which images elicited positive emotional responses, which calls to action (CTAs) triggered increased excitement, and which design elements caused confusion or disengagement. This information could then be used to refine the website design and create a more emotionally resonant experience for potential customers.
  • Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI): fMRI represents a less commonly used but incredibly insightful tool in neuromarketing. In the brain, more active areas receive stronger blood flow. fMRI can detect these changes, providing an anatomical map of neural activity. By understanding which brain areas are activated by different elements of a website or app, designers can tailor their UX to align with these neural responses, optimizing for user engagement and satisfaction6. Although its higher cost and complex setup make it less accessible than other methods, fMRI can provide information unparalleled by other technologies in depth and detail.


These tools have the power to reveal how potential customers interact with your website or app. Below, we describe evidence-based strategies for optimizing your user interace.

Strategic Placement for Key Elements

With neuromarketing methods in mind, let’s explore the best placement of design elements on your website or app.

Navigation

Think of navigation as a roadmap for your user. It should be clear, intuitive, and accessible from any point within the website or app. Consider these best practices.

  • Simple structure: Avoid complex, nested menus. Opt for a flat structure with intuitive categories and subcategories for easy navigation. This mirrors information storage tactics in the human brain7, facilitating natural browsing patterns.
  • Consistent placement: Always place the navigation menu in the same location across pages. This creates familiarity and helps users develop a sense for how to navigate your platform. Feelings of familiarity can be remarkably important – even subconscious familiarity with a brand can nudge a potential buyer toward purchase8.
  • Clear visuals: Use contrasting colors, bold fonts, and icons to draw attention and visually differentiate navigation elements. Some EEG research illustrates that visual features such as color have an even stronger influence on brain activity than object shape9. Therefore, keep in mind that the visual salience of your design is an important aspect of its impact.
  • Mobile-friendliness: Ensure that your navigation system adapts seamlessly to different screen sizes and devices, particularly for mobile users. If your navigation system is poor, users will have to exert extra effort to decipher your message, decreasing user attention to the purchase process10. An intuitive navigation system can reverse this process and direct the user toward conversion.

Opt for a flat navigation structure with intuitive categories and subcategories for easy navigation. This mirrors information storage tactics in the human brain7, facilitating natural browsing patterns.

Calls to Action (CTAs)

CTAs are the driving force behind conversions. They tell users what you want them to do next – sign up for your newsletter, make a purchase, or download a free ebook. To maximize their effectiveness, follow these guidelines.

A button with a hand icon clicking it, the CTA says "CLICK HERE".
Strong, clear CTAs are import for the conversion funnel. Although that may be obviously said, the real art and science lies in where to place it.
  • Prominent placement: Position your CTAs in areas where users naturally look. Like print newspapers display breaking stories “above the fold,” digital media should allocate important information to the upper portion of the page (i.e., the portion that is visible without scrolling). Consider using eye-tracking heatmaps to identify optimal placement.
  • Clear and concise language: Use strong verbs like “Buy Now” or “Start Free Trial” in your CTAs. Avoid using jargon or technical terms. This ties back to cognitive load theories in psychology, which stipulate that distraction impairs mental performance11. By minimizing cognitive effort and providing clear instruction, CTAs can increase the likelihood of conversion.
  • Contrasting colors: Visual distinctiveness has a strong positive influence on user attention12. Emphasize your CTAs by using colors that make them stand out from the surrounding content.
  • Multiple placement: Consider using multiple CTAs throughout your website or app. These should be tailored to the user’s journey. In fact, CTAs that are personalized to the user journey convert more than double the number of users of non-personalized variations13.

Content and Images

Content and images are the building blocks of your website or app. To maximize their impact, consider the following.

  • Visual hierarchy: Arrange content and images in a way that guides the user’s eye towards the most important information. One eye-tracking study showed that users spent more time focused on a blog headline when a human image on the page was also focused on the headline14. In addition, use larger fonts and bolder colors for headings and key points. These elements guide your user toward the information you want them to see.
  • White space: Don’t overcrowd your design. For example, the company Open Mile increased conversions by 232% simply by decluttering the area around its main CTA button15. Utilize white space to create visual separation between different elements and improve readability.
  • Image optimization: Choose high-quality images that are relevant to your content. Aesthetics can be important too, as visual appeal can bias users toward positive assessments of platform usability16. Use alt text for accessibility and search engine optimization (SEO) purposes.
  • Interactive elements: Consider incorporating interactive elements like videos, animations, or infographics to engage users and enhance their understanding of your content. As has been long-appreciated in psychology, moving objects capture attention far better than stationary ones17. Thus, interactive visuals are more likely to engage the user in your content.


Amazon’s website is a terrific example of neuromarketing in action. Their design employs tactics such as intuitive navigation and strategically placed CTAs, which subtly guide customers toward purchase18.

Common Mistakes in Element Placement

Even the most experienced designers can make poor judgments with element placement. As you optimize your platform, keep an eye out for these common mistakes.

Ignoring the “F-shaped” reading pattern: As mentioned earlier, users tend to scan websites in an F-shaped pattern. Placing important information outside this natural reading path reduces visibility. Ensure your most crucial content falls within the “F” to maximize its chances of being seen.

Overcrowding the layout: A cluttered design with too many elements can overwhelm the user and lead to confusion. Prioritize key elements and remove any unnecessary information or decoration. Aim for a clean and organized layout that allows your user to find what they want as easily as possible.

Inconsistent placement: Users develop expectations about where certain elements will be located. Inconsistent element placement across different pages can disrupt flow and make it difficult for a user to navigate your website or app. Maintain consistency with the placement of navigation menus, search bars, and CTAs to ensure a smooth and predictable user experience.

Ignoring mobile-first principles: With the rise of mobile browsing, neglecting mobile-friendliness is a major mistake. Ensure your element placement is optimized for smaller screens and touch interactions. Use larger touch targets, avoid using small fonts, and ensure all elements adapt seamlessly across device sizes.

Neglecting accessibility: Accessibility is crucial for ensuring your website or app is inclusive and usable by everyone. Consider users with disabilities, and ensure your element placement meets accessibility guidelines. This includes using sufficient color contrast, providing text alternatives for images and videos, and ensuring functional keyboard navigation.

Blindly following trends: While staying up-to-date with design trends is important, be sure to consider their impact on user experience. Never sacrifice usability or functionality for the sake of trendy aesthetics. Always prioritize clarity, ease of navigation, and user-centered design principles.

Emerging Trends in Neuromarketing

Neuromarketing is a rapidly evolving field, constantly uncovering new insights into user behavior and attention. Here are some exciting trends that will contribute to the future of the field.

A human brain made out of through polygons.
Neuromarketing is changing the way marketers build websites, apps, and create promotional messaging. Indeed, science and evidence are foundational to assessing human behavior.

Facial coding: This technology analyzes facial expressions to gauge emotional responses to design elements. Like fMRI, facial coding can identify unconscious emotional reactions even better than self-report. Unlike fMRI, facial coding can be conducted at low cost. By understanding how users feel when presented with particular design elements, you can tailor your platform to evoke specific emotions and encourage desired behaviors.

Biometric sensors: These sensors measure physiological responses such as heart rate and skin conductance, providing further insights into user engagement and emotional state. By analyzing these signals, you can identify design areas that cause high stress, confusion, or pleasure. Because physiology doesn’t lie, marketers can assess bodily reactions to understand what types of branding are most effective.

AI-powered personalization: By combining neuromarketing research with the usage data from individual users, AI can personalize the placement of design elements. This can create a more engaging and relevant experience, catering to individual needs and preferences. AI is most powerful when combining data from the lab with data from your users.

Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR): As VR and AR experiences grow in popularity, it will become crucial for designers to understand how users interact with elements in these immersive environments. Neuromarketing can help us understand how users navigate virtual spaces, where their attention is drawn, and how to optimize content and interactions for AR and VR markets.

By staying informed about these emerging trends and constantly improving your design, you can ensure your website or app is at the forefront of user-centered design and delivers a truly impactful experience for your audience.

Checklist for Optimal Element Placement:

Here’s a quick checklist to help you ensure optimal element placement.

  • Identify key elements: Determine the most important elements on your website or app based on user goals and conversion objectives.
  • Prioritize element placement: Use eye-tracking and heatmap data to identify areas of high user attention, and place key elements accordingly.
  • Apply visual hierarchy: Arrange content and images to guide user attention towards the most crucial information.
  • Maintain consistency: Place elements in a consistent location across different pages for a smooth and predictable user experience.
  • Test and refine: Continuously test different element variations, and analyze user behavior to identify the best-performing configurations.
  • Optimize for mobile: Tailor your element placement for smaller screens and touch interactions.
  • Consider accessibility: Ensure your design adheres to accessibility guidelines for inclusiveness and usability.
  • Stay updated: Keep yourself informed about emerging trends in neuromarketing and design to stay ahead of the curve.


By incorporating these insights from neuromarketing, you can create websites and apps that capture user attention, drive engagement, and achieve your business goals. Remember, it’s all about understanding how users interact with your digital space. These guidelines can help you create a seamless, intuitive experience that encourages your user toward your business objectives.

Ready to transform your website or app into a user engagement powerhouse? Don’t let your online presence be just another drop in the digital ocean. Contact us today and take the first step towards a website that not only looks great but also performs brilliantly. Elevate your online experience now – let’s create digital magic together.

References

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2. Çakar, T., Rızvanoğlu, K., Öztürk, Ö., Çelik, D. Z. & Gürvardar, İ. The use of neurometric and biometric research methods in understanding the user experience during product search of first-time buyers in e-commerce. in Design, User Experience, and Usability: Theory, Methodology, and Management (eds. Marcus, A. & Wang, W.) vol. 10288 342–362 (Springer International Publishing, 2017).
3. Santos, J. P., Seixas, D., Brandão, S. & Moutinho, L. Neuroscience in branding: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study on brands’ implicit and explicit impressions. J Brand Manag 19, 735–757 (2012).
4. Knutson, B., Rick, S., Wimmer, G. E., Prelec, D. & Loewenstein, G. Neural predictors of purchases. Neuron 53, 147–156 (2007).
5. Pernice, K., Whitenton, K. & Nielsen, J. How people read on the web: The eyetracking evidence. Nielsen Normal Group (2006).
6. Thanh Vi, C., Hornbæk, K. & Subramanian, S. Neuroanatomical correlates of perceived usability. in Proceedings of the 30th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology 519–532 (ACM, 2017). doi:10.1145/3126594.3126657.
7. Benn, Y. et al. Navigating through digital folders uses the same brain structures as real world navigation. Sci Rep 5, 14719 (2015).
8. Coates, S. L., Butler, L. T. & Berry, D. C. Implicit memory and consumer choice: The mediating role of brand familiarity. Appl. Cognit. Psychol. 20, 1101–1116 (2006).
9. Eimer, M. An event-related potential (ERP) study of transient and sustained visual attention to color and form. Biological Psychology 44, 143–160 (1997).
10. Sicilia, M. & Ruiz, S. The effects of the amount of information on cognitive responses in online purchasing tasks. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications 9, 183–191 (2010).
11. Orru, G. & Longo, L. The evolution of cognitive load theory and the measurement of its intrinsic, extraneous and germane loads: A review. in Human Mental Workload: Models and Applications (eds. Longo, L. & Leva, M. C.) vol. 1012 23–48 (Springer International Publishing, 2019).
12. Still, J. D. Web page visual hierarchy: Examining Faraday’s guidelines for entry points. Computers in Human Behavior 84, 352–359 (2018).
13. Vora, A. 15 call-to-action statistics you need to know about to increase your conversion rate. HubSpot Marketing https://blog.hubspot.com/marketing/personalized-calls-to-action-convert-better-data (2023).
14. Breeze, J. Eye tracking 2021: You look where they look! https://www.objectiveexperience.com/eye-tracking-ux-research/ (2021).
15. Open Mile tested page elements to increase conversions. VWO https://vwo.com/success-stories/open-mile/.
16. Seo, K.-K., Lee, S. & Chung, B. D. Effects of perceived usability and aesthetics on emotional responses in different contexts of use. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction 32, 445–459 (2016).
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18. Franssen, C. Amazon website design: 5 winning conversion tactics. Convertize: Smart Persuasion https://www.convertize.com/amazon-website-design/ (2018).

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